Post-residency fees are reduced fees paid by graduate students after they have completed the course work component of their degree and are undertaking the independent research and thesis-writing stages of their programs. During the early to mid-1990s, post-residency fees were phased out in Ontario universities. Outside of Ontario, many graduate students have access to these reduced fees. The Ontario Graduate Caucus has a campaign to pressure the government to mandate the re-introduction of post-residency fees in Ontario and to increase the funding to institutions to do so.